From the June 2015 issue of HealthCare Business News magazine
A number of industry trends will shape the IT tools used within imaging over the next several years.
Driven by market forces and policy changes, health care providers will need to adapt the imaging platform they use.
There are market forces that are driving changes to imaging IT systems. These changes include:
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With the HITECH Act and Meaningful Use in full swing, the adoption of EMR systems is at its peak. These systems affect virtually every part of the health care enterprise and imaging is no exception. A new EMR can often change how procedures are ordered and scheduled, how information gets to modalities, how exams are read, and how results are stored and presented. Including diagnostic and clinical image viewing from within the EMR is highly desired by users.
To provide improved services integration and coordination of care—as well as reduce costs through elimination of redundancy—mergers and acquisitions of independent facilities into regional and national networks are occurring at a rapid pace. Integrating enterprises that have operated independently is no small feat. Often, systems, data, and people need to be changed.
To stem the tide of health care delivery costs, there are several initiatives to not only reduce transactional costs, but to also shift payment from volume to value and outcomes. Price transparency, patient steerage, and bundled payments will also be sought to drive costs down. This will fundamentally change the incentives that drive many standards of practice today. The necessity of some imaging procedures will need to be proved.
To address market forces, providers will need to evolve their imaging platform. Here are some of the key changes that will occur:
Departmental RIS to EMR transition
With embedded RIS functions—including ordering and scheduling, integrated clinical decision support, radiology reading worklists, billing, and DICOM modality worklists—all available within the EMR, a dedicated departmental RIS is no longer necessary. Departmental staff will still be required to have the workflow knowledge and perform the necessary tasks, but the system will be managed by the EMR team.
VNA adopted to address complete and longitudinal imaging record
With multiple PACS operating at all the acquired facilities, getting all the imaging records consolidated into a common repository, and integrating them across all the different historic patient identity domains, is essential to provide an effective method to integrate the images within the shared EMR. A vendor neutral archive, with an integrated enterprise viewer, is most often employed. Once the imaging records are all collected, managed, and available within the EMR, a program of consolidating the various PACS into as few as possible (to reduce costs and complexity and to improve collaboration) will be launched.